asked this on April 14, 2011 03:28 PM
What is the author's attitude toward WADA?
Unguarded support (CORRECT ANSWER)
Student Question: What does "unguarded support" mean?
"Unguarded support" means that the author supports WADA without reservation or qualification. In general with these questions, be careful not to choose a question that is too extreme, that ascribes a powerful emotion to the author that really is not reflected in the passage.
Student Question: Why is Choice A incorrect?
Be VERY wary of answer choices that ascribe strong emotions to the author. The RC passages tend to be quite calm, and stay well within the realm of civilized academic discourse. "Vehement revulsion" is WAY too strong for this passage. Furthermore, it is actually an opposite answer choice, since the author is in fact not expressing any negativity about WADA whatsoever.
Student Question: How can I approach these types of questions in general?
The author's attitude can be rather slippery in terms of language, because the "voice" of the author changes in different passages and prompts. We can give you some factors to look out for and some SAMPLE attitude words, but you should by no means consider this short list to be definitive.
When looking for an author's attitude, you are looking for words that have an emotional charge or connote that the author has a specific feeling toward the subject at hand. GMAT passages very rarely express strong emotions like "sadness", "anger", "joy", etc. Approval/support/optimism, neutral/analytical, or disapproval/doubt/pessisism is about as wide a spectrum as you can expect. Here are some examples:
Words or terms that express doubt/disapproval/pessimism:
Dubious Skeptical Supposed Alleged Unlikely Only in rare cases The debate is unresolved Cannot explain "X's theory is unproven" "X theory is unhelpful in describing..." "X claims, without proof, that..." X's proposal will not result in... "I Disagree" Ongoing problem
Words or terms that express approval/support/optimism:
Makes a strong case The prevailing theory Brilliant/Ingenius/Clever/Thoughtful Explains most cases Resolved the debate Solved the problem Likely to address/solve/remedy... Available evidence supports... Research has shown that... Theorists (or historians/biologists/authors, etc.) agree that... Proposal X is the best/better/most likely to... X's prediction High hopes "I Agree"
Again, you are very likely to see other words that express attitude besides these. This is a good place to start. Notice the emotional "charge" and tone of all these words.
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